Saturday, February 24, 2018

MARJORIE STONEMAN DOUGLAS | Wellesley Savior of the Everglades

Marjorie Stoneman Douglas
We know that 17 were killed, of many more victims, from random murders by an angry student with an AR-15.

It happened at the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. Few people outside Florida know anything about Marjorie Stoneman Douglas. They should.

She was born in Minneapolis on April 7, 1890 and died in 1998, 108 years old. She was a great writer who cared deeply about votes for women and the environment, especially her beloved Everglades and the river that runs through it.

She was a top student at Wellesley College and was the Class Orator, not the last Wellesley student to go on to great things after speaking to the Wellesley Commencement at graduation.

She began her postgraduate days with a short and unsuccessful marriage. She recovered by joining her father at the Miami Herald, working first as a society reporter, then an editorial writer, becoming increasingly engaged in her profession.

After that, she started writing articles on votes for women, civil rights and conservation issues. She won a wide readership and published hundreds of short stories. It was the era of The Masses and hard-hitting writing was in vogue. She was less of a feminist than an activist. She said: "I'd like to hear less talk about men and women and more talk about citizens."

She is best known for helping to preserve the Everglades against efforts to drain this swamp in favor of development, writing in 1947 the book The Everglades: River of Grass. The book had an impact similar to that of Rachel Carson's book in 1962 on the overuse of DDT. She was called "Grande Dame of the Everglades" and was pilloried by developers.

She prevailed. In the same year that her main book was published, 1947, Everglades National Park was established. In the 1950s, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers rose to the top of her list of enemies. She recognized that the Everglades was a long-tailed system that depended on a flow of water from Lake Okeechobee into the park, but beyond that on the Kissimmee River which feeds the lake. In 1970 she formed the Friends of the Everglades, and headed the organization.

In his introduction to her 1987 autobiography, Voice of the River, John Rothchild describes her appearance in 1973 at a public meeting in mosquito-haunted Everglades City:
Mrs. Douglas was half the size of her fellow speakers and she wore huge dark glasses, which along with the huge floppy hat made her look like Scarlet O'Hara as played by Igor Stravinsky. . . . She reminded us all of our responsibility to nature . . .  Her voice had the sobering effect of a one-room schoolmarm's. The tone itself seemed to tame the rowdiest of the local stone crabbers, plus the developers, and the lawyers on both sides. I wonder if it didn't also intimidate the mosquitoes. . . . The request for a Corps of Engineers permit was eventually turned down. This was no surprise to those of us who'd heard her speak.
After several reprints, a revised edition of her book was published in 1987, the same year her biography appeared. Her awards included the Presidential Medal of Freedom. When she died, the British newspaper The Independent summed up her life: "In the history of the American environmental movement, there have been few more remarkable figures."

Tuesday, February 6, 2018

LONG ISLAND | Jobs Grow Just 0.4%

December 2017 Job Growth, Nassau-Suffolk – 0.4%.
Source: BLS (bls.gov), Feb. 6, 2018.

February 6, 2018 – If JOBS-JOBS-JOBS is the standard, the first year of the new Administration in Washington, D.C. has failed Long Island.

Nassau-Suffolk added only 4,900 nonfarm payroll jobs from December 2017 to December 2018, according to data released today by the BLS.


The growth rate of 0.4 percent is one-third of NY State's rate of job growth for the period, and less than half the rate of job growth in the entire tristate New York metro area. It is less than one-sixth of the growth rate in the other major area component outside the core New York City metro area, i.e., Dutchess and Putnam counties.

So what has the Republican Congressman representing Long Island's Eastern Half been doing about bringing jobs to Long Island? His latest post on the topic on his official website was during his last campaign year, 2016.

(For a general summary of Zeldin's political positions, go hereHe rode in on the howdahs of the Tea Party Republicans. His votes and public statements peg him as a "libertarian conservative", an oxymoron since conservatives are anti-libertarian on social policies.

Zeldin thinks that Suffolk County, which depends on clean water and air for its tourism and leisure-living businesses, and was clobbered by the Meltdown of 2008, needs less environmental and financial regulation.

That doesn't seem to have worked so well for Suffolk County.

His New Idea in 2016 was...

  • Make It Easier to Pollute and Rip Off Financial Customers by allowing Congress to block regulation of the environment and financial fiduciaries. 
  • Make Environmental and Financial Regulation Harder for the Executive Branch to implement!
Read below, in its entirety, Zeldin's proposal in March 2016 for creating jobs on Long Island.

March 15, 2016  
Press Release 
Op-ed Written by Congressman Lee Zeldin (NY-01)
During my first 14 months in Congress, I have constantly heard from business owners on Long Island sharing stories about how various examples of bureaucratic red tape out of Washington has made it increasingly difficult to create more good paying, private sector jobs. The Department of Labor “Fiduciary Rule,” the EPA’s effort to put the motorsports and custom car industry out of business, and the attempt of federal regulators to impose overzealous Dodd-Frank regulations on auto lenders are just three of many new federal agency regulations that harm the business climate on Long Island and throughout our nation. As each new rule is passed, we are reminded of why it is so important for Congress to pass the Regulations for the Executive in Need of Scrutiny (REINS) Act (H.R. 427).
Under the REINS Act, every major rule or regulation with an economic effect of $100 million or more annually would be required to be specifically approved by the House and Senate, in addition to the President, before the rule takes effect. This legislation is about smart policy and balance of power. Here are three brief examples of why the REINS Act is so important:
Example #1: Many Long Islanders, when seeking something as critical as life insurance or retirement savings advice, want to go to a trusted broker who is a part of their local community. Planning for retirement and managing a family’s investment portfolio to save for college or buy a new home is an essential piece of the American dream. The Department of Labor, through its “fiduciary rule,” is shutting down that dream by overregulating independent financial advisors and life insurance brokers out of business. By imposing regulations and fees meant for larger, multi-billion dollar Wall Street firms, the one-size-fits all approach proposed by federal regulators would kill an industry that is run by small entrepreneurs and built on personal relationships. By the Labor Department’s own admission, in 2010, those individuals who did not seek or have access to investment advice suffered over $100 billion in financial losses through investment mistakes, which could have easily been avoided with the appropriate level of consultation. Saving for retirement is of crucial importance to American families and access to professional financial advice should not be hindered by an unnecessary regulation put in place by unelected agency bureaucrats creating rules that carry the force of law.
Example #2: The Clean Air Act has been a resounding success and in Congress I have been an outspoken advocate for clean air and clean water on Long Island [???]. The EPA is attempting to go around Congress, ignoring the Constitution by creating new interpretations of this law, which would hurt small and medium sized businesses. Current rules proposed by the EPA would effectively shut down the motorsports and car modification industry by imposing the same level of regulations meant for power plants and other major industries. By banning certain modifications made to cars and motorcycles, and applying these misguided regulations retroactively, hobbyists, who have invested countless time and money into their cars, would suddenly be in violation of a set of federal regulations that were never vetted by their representatives in Congress. Small and medium sized businesses on Long Island, like American Racing Headers, that supply specialty automotive parts to customers nationwide, are already seeing a reduction in business as a direct result of the threats surrounding these new rules. 
Example #3: The indirect auto loan market just surpassed $1 trillion, making it one of the most essential, and competitive financial markets in our economy. In a misguided change of policy, based on flawed statistics, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is attempting to shut down transparency in the auto lending market by mandating new standards that they falsely believe will increase fairness in the market. Consumers on Long Island should not be cut off from needed credit due to arbitrary government regulations. A transparent and competitive auto lending market means consumers will get the best rates, but bureaucrats in Washington want to impose strict Dodd Frank financial regulations meant for Wall Street that would shut down the indirect auto loan market so essential to main street Long Island. 
What has always made America so great has been the opportunity to succeed through hard work and dedication, but unfortunately today, economic opportunity is being stripped away with oppressive taxes and burdensome red tape on America’s businesses. President Obama’s first seven years have brought forth 468 regulations deemed “economically significant rules”, and that’s with just under a year still to go. (CEI) The Fiduciary Rule, the attack on the motorsports industry by the EPA, and the CFPB’s attempted overregulation of auto-lending, are just three of the rules that have made it harder for business owners to succeed in today’s economy.
To address this issue, I proudly voted for the REINS Act when it passed the House last year, as well as other essential pieces of legislation to shut-down job killing red tape. This critical legislation would give Congress more oversight over the most broad and harmful regulations being implemented by federal agencies. Allowing the executive branch to implement major regulations, without Congressional oversight or input, will only further hurt the ability of our job creators to expand and create more good paying jobs. Americans should demand that Congress take the REINS to help grow our economy.  [End of Zeldin Op-Ed]

If this is the best that Zeldin can come up with to create jobs on Long Island, no wonder jobs have grown only 0.4% during the year. Long Island needs better ideas.


Monday, February 5, 2018

DOW DROP | Why Now? Top Ten Reasons

Here is the Dow at 3:24 pm. It fell from a high of 25,521 to a low of 23,924,
a record intraday drop of 1,607 points.
The intraday Dow suffered a record point drop of more than 1,600. 

It recovered somewhat, ending the day with a record point drop for the day of 1,175, more than 4 percent.

I am collecting "explanations". Take your pick. Send me an email* on which ones you believe and I will re-rank these reasons to reflect a consensus. 
*john@cityeconomist.com

1. Treasury bond yields have risen sharply in recent weeks. So smart money is betting on higher interest rates. 
2. Outgoing Fed Chair Janet Yellen announced before she retired that the Fed is committed to raising interest rates, so maybe you didn't have to be quite so smart to see this coming.
3. Just a Flash Crash, computer-driven like 2010. Relax, folks, this is a buying opportunity, says one commentator. (But after-hours trading for the first hour showed more selling.)
4. Hey, the market was overvalued, maybe by 20 percent. We knew this was coming.  Investors were just cashing in after the rally in stocks since the GOP victory in November 2016.
5. Friday BLS data showed rise in hourly earnings  for workers. Fed said it saw signs of inflation – i.e., it read the BLS data same as we did.
6. The BitCoin et al. Bubble.
7. Baby Boomers who are retired or are getting ready to are gradually exiting stocks, using the old rule of "100 minus your age" in stocks. Their problem has been where to put their money while they wait for interest rates to rise; rising rates offer more opportunities.
8. A new Fed Chairman creates uncertainty. GOP tax cuts will increase the deficit but mostly won't put money in hands of people who will spend it.
9. A stagnant economy may be in the cards.
10. May be the beginning of a long-overdue corrective bear market.

PBS has since published a list of the Top Five reasons the market is crashing. I have edited the list above slightly after reading this article. 

Sunday, February 4, 2018

ART BIZ | Vero Beach, Fla., Feb. 9-11, 2018

Vero Beach Insider Interview on Feb. 9-11 Exhibit
The Vero Beach Insider is a radio show that focuses on female entrepreneurs in the Vero Beach, Florida area.

The January 31, 2018 show celebrates the Feb. 9-11 Fourth Annual "Art on the [Marsh] Island" Show.

Marsh Island is on the mainland end of the Wabasso Bridge, which my wife and I call the Five-and-Dime Bridge because is it State Road #510. (Get it? 5 and 10?) It connects the Barrier Island with Sebastian, Florida.

We went to this show last year and it was worthwhile. The whole Marsh Island development is of interest.

To listen to the interview, click here and start listening at the 9-minute mark. And don't forget to come to the show on February 9-11. See you there, maybe.

Friday, February 2, 2018

JOBS | Average Increase Nov-Jan, 192,000

Nonfarm Payroll (BLS)
Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 200,000 in January. However, the net increase in total nonfarm payroll employment was revised down for November-December:
  • The November increase was revised down from 252,000 to 216,000.
  • The December increase was revised up from 148,000 to 160,000.
  • The net change was that gains in payroll jobs in November and December combined were 24,000 fewer than previously reported.
  • After revisions, job gains averaged 192,000 per month over the last 3 months. A moving average is more reliable for payroll job changes. Each month, prior data is revised based on additional reports and recalculation of seasonal factors. Noise in the reported numbers is especially likely during the annual BLS benchmark process at the end of each  year.
Employment continued to trend up in construction, food services and drinking places, health care, and manufacturing:.
  • Construction added 36,000 jobs in January, with most of the increase occurring among specialty trade contractors (+26,000). Employment in residential building construction continued to trend up over the month (+5,000). Over the year, construction employment has increased by 226,000.
  • Food services and drinking places employment continued to trend up in January (+31,000). The industry has added 255,000 jobs over the past 12 months.
  • Health care continued its long and steady record of adding jobs in January (+21,000), with a gain of 13,000 in hospitals. In 2017, health care added an average of 24,000 jobs per month.
  • Manufacturing continued to add jobs (+15,000). Durable goods industries added 18,000 jobs. Manufacturing has added 186,000 jobs over the past 12 months.
  • Other major industries were little changed, including mining, wholesale trade, retail trade, transportation and warehousing, information, financial activities, professional and business services, and government.
The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls declined by 0.2 hour to 34.3 hours in January. In manufacturing, the workweek declined by 0.2 hour to 40.6 hours, while overtime remained at 3.5 hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged down by 0.1 hour to 33.6 hours.

In January, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 9 cents to $26.74, following an 11-cent gain in December. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 75 cents, or 2.9 percent. Average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 3 cents to $22.34 in January.

The January unemployment rate was 4.1 percent for the fourth consecutive month. The number of unemployed persons was 6.7 million, changed little over the month. Full data are at www.bls.govAmong major worker groups, the unemployment rate for Blacks increased to 7.7 percent in January, and the rate for Whites declined to 3.5 percent.

In January, 1.7 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.

Among the marginally attached, there were 451,000 discouraged workers in January, little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.2 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in January had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.